Global Health Governance
Global Health Governance
IMPORTANT NOTE REGARDING WORD LIMIT REQUIREMENTS:
Please note that each and every assignment has its own word limit.
Global health governance institutions encompass the range of intergovernmental organizations, funding agencies, and international bureaucracies that work across the range of economic, social, and cultural fields that underlie public health in a globalizing world. These institutions under the United Nations (UN) have sought to translate human rights law into global health governance, transitioning from the development of health-related rights under international law to the implementation of these normative standards in global health policies, programs, and practices. UNICEF’s long-standing efforts to support child health were reinforced by the promulgation of the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), solidifying UNICEF’s central institutional role in the implementation of child rights for global health. Although UNICEF long influenced international policies as a means of promoting children’s health, it had done so without reference to human rights obligations, focusing instead on the “basic needs” of children (Gostin & Meier, 2020).
In many ways, now is the best time for children to be alive, but economic inequalities mean benefits are not shared by all, and all children face an uncertain future. Climate disruption is creating extreme risks from rising sea levels, extreme weather events, water and food insecurity, heat stress, emerging infectious diseases, and large-scale population migration. Rising inequalities and environmental crises threaten political stability and risk international conflict over access to resources. By 2030, 23 billion people are projected to live in fragile or conflict-affected contexts (Clark et al., 2020).
The globalization process has impacted the health system through multiple pathways which yielded mixed results varying from region to region. The recent form of globalization has provided both opportunities and challenges over the health system in a number of countries. Increased penetration of technology in the health sector, fast access to health information, and free movement of the health staff across regions are some of the examples of health opportunities which resulted from the globalization process. The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic in 2019, Ebola in 2014, spread of infectious diseases such as malaria and HIV/AIDS, deprived health in war-torn areas, and malnutrition are some of the health challenges which have impacted through globalization either in a direct or indirect manner in recent times (Raza et al., 2020).
The emergence of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the health sector brings innovative changes which increased the effectiveness of healthcare services. Those include patients’ health monitoring technologies like wearables devices, use of robotics, tele-medicine, online consultation, and health management applications. On the one hand, technology diffusion in health sector brings positive changes worldwide, while on the other hand, widespread use of technology in everyday life brings detrimental effects on a global scale especially among the youth. Many studies report excessive use of smartphone and video games among youngsters lead to depression, anxiety, poor academic performance, and lack of attention (Raza et al., 2020).
Environmental health is increasingly an urban issue. The concentration of population in cities is an opportunity to provide access to services and hence dramatically improve health outcomes in a cost-effective and rapid manner. Conversely, ignoring the growing slum settlements with dismal environmental conditions and almost negligent access to environmental services can derail attempts by city governments to provide healthy environments and improve health outcomes. Environmental health issues can be prioritized in terms of their effect on both economic development and poverty reduction. Both quantitative and participatory techniques are needed to select themes or sectors for which there is a definite recognition of the severity of environmental health issues. The prioritization of environmental health issues can be done in terms of health impacts, economic costs, or welfare benefits to vulnerable populations such as the poor. Approaching climate change from a human rights perspective highlights the principles of universality and non-discrimination, emphasizing that rights are guaranteed for all persons, including vulnerable groups. A rights-based approach could serve as a catalyst for accelerated action to achieve a healthy and sustainable future where all energy is provided by zero carbon sources, forests are flourishing, oceans are healthy and food is sustainably produced (ohchr.org, 2019).
Gostin, L. O., & Meier, B. M. (2020). Foundations of global health & human rights. Oxford University Press.
Clark, H., Coll-Seck, A. M., Banerjee, A., Peterson, S., Dalglish, S. L., & Ameratunga, S. (2020). A future for the world’s children? A WHO–UNICEF–Lancet Commission. The Lancet, 395(10224), 605–658. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(19)32540-1
ohchr.org. (2019). A Report of the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment. https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Environment/SREnvironment/Report.pdf.
Raza, M., Afzal, M. I., & Elahi, M. A. (2020). Assessing the sustainability of public health in the era of globalization. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 13(19). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-06009-y
Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words….. .(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.) Include at least one scholarly reference and appropriate in-text citations and Address all points on the DQ. One point will be deducted for not addressing each item mentioned above. Remember that presenting someone else’s work as your own is plagiarism.
- Ask a probing question.
- Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
- Offer and support an opinion.
- Validate an idea with your own experience.
- Make a suggestion.
- Expand on your colleague’s posting.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.
It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class
To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.
REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.
American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author.