For this assignment, you will be given a case study. Review the information provided and answer the questions. Be sure to cite your references. Look at the case study as if the subject is a patient in your office seeking care. What are your immediate concerns? What needs to be done for them? Be thorough and succinct in your responses. Your submission must be in SOAP note format.
Case Study/SOAP Note:
Julia King is a 50y/o white female who presents to the office with c/o wound to her left foot for the past few days. States she tripped and fell while barefoot, scraping the top of her foot on the pavement. She denies any other injury from the incident. Over the past 24 hours, the wound has had “smelly” drainage. Has been experiencing some numbness, tingling, and pain, but denies fever and chills. Did not seek medical attention at the time of injury. Has been using hydrogen peroxide to clean her wound. Her last tetanus shot was 15 years ago. Patient PMHx significant for DM II. States that she takes her medications when she remembers, and does not always check her blood sugar.
Asthma: no hospitalizations for exacerbation.
Smokes 1 pack of cigarettes per day for 5 years.
Illicit drugs: denies
Mother 71 y/o with a history of diabetes and obesity
Father 72 y/o with a history of HTN
Brother 51 alive and well
Sister 48 with a history of HTN and diabetes
No family history of colon, ovarian, or uterine cancer
No history of CAD or PVD
Metformin: 500mg BID po – did not take the last few days
Albuterol MDI: 2 puffs every 6 hours prn – last used 3 days ago
Singulair: 10mg po daily
PCN: hives and facial swelling
General: denies any weight changes, fatigue, or fever; + body aches
Skin: denies any rashes; + wound to left foot
HEENT: denies headache, head injury, dizziness, lightheadedness; denies any vision changes; denies any hearing changes, tinnitus, vertigo, earache; denies any nasal congestion, discharge, nose bleeds or sinus tenderness; denies any sore throat, difficulty swallowing
Neck: denies any swollen glands, pain
Breasts: denies any pain, discharge
Respiratory: denies any dyspnea; positive cough and wheezing
CV: denies any chest pain, edema
GI: denies any nausea/vomiting/diarrhea/constipation; denies bloody stools
PV: denies swelling in face, hands. No history of leg cramps or past clots in extremities. States has swelling in left foot
GU: denies frequency, urgency, burning; denies vaginal discharge, itching, sores
MS: denies any weakness, numbness, erythema, twitching, or pain. No h/o of backaches or fx’s. No joint pain, tenderness, or history of head trauma. Positive for left foot pain
Psych: denies nervousness, depression
Neuro: denies Headache, dizziness, vertigo, syncope, weakness; + numbness to right LE
Heme: denies any easy bruising
· 5 (tympanic), 180/100, 90, 22, O2 sat 95% on RA
· Height: 5’5ʺ
· Weight: 250 lb
· Blood glucose: 230 (Fasting; states has not eaten yet today)
Patient awake, alert, oriented x 4 with no apparent distress (NAD)
Skin: warm, dry, color WNL. 4 cm lesion noted to anterior left foot with crusting and purulent drainage; + surrounding erythema extending up 7 cm proximally
HEENT: head nontraumatic, normocephalic
Pupils PERRLA, EOMs intact; disc margins sharp, without hemorrhages, exudates; no AV nicking noted
Ears: bilateral TM with good cone of light and intact
Nose: mucosa pink, septum midline; no sinus tenderness appreciated
Mouth: mucosa pink, moist; tongue midline; tonsils 1+ without exudate
Neck: supple; trachea midline; without any lymphadenopathy
Resp: regular and unlabored; lungs with end expiratory wheezing throughout
CV: RRR, S1 and S2 noted; no s3, s4 or murmur appreciated
Abdomen: soft, non-distended; BS + x 4; no tenderness with palpation; no CVA tenderness with percussion
Extremities: warm and dry with edema to left foot; calves supple, non-tender
PV: No swelling noted to hands, feet or face. Positive swelling to left foot
MS: + swelling to left foot; + tenderness of 2nd–4th left metatarsals; + left pedal pulse; Cap refill < 2 sec.
Neuro: alert, cooperative; thought coherent; oriented x 4; cranial nerves I-XII intact
Address the following items:
1. List your differentials for her current problems. Remember you should have at least three different differentials for each problem. Include rationale for each differential.
2. At this time, what medical diagnoses are you most concerned about? Do they impact other diagnoses? If so, how?
3. What diagnostic images would you order? Provide your rationale. What are you trying to rule in or out?
4. What laboratory work would you order? What would you anticipate to be abnormal? Provide your rationale for each.
5. What is your comprehensive plan of care? Include your rationales.